World Soil Day 2021: Theme, History and Significance


The purpose of World Soil Day is to raise awareness about soil degradation. (Representative photo: Shutterstock)

The theme of World Soil Day 2021 is “Prevent Soil Salinity, Increase Soil Productivity” with the aim of raising awareness about the importance of maintaining a healthy ecosystem and human well-being.

World Soil Day, celebrated on December 5, draws attention to the importance of soil and its sustainable management. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness about land degradation. It is a serious environmental problem, caused by declining soil conditions. Industrialization or poor management of farmland exacerbates soil conditions. This day shows the importance of clay for all terrestrial life. Soil degradation leads to erosion, loss of organic matter and reduced soil fertility.

World Soil Day 2021: Theme

This year, the theme of World Soil Day 2021 is ‘Prevent Soil Alkalization, Increase Soil Productivity’ with the aim of raising awareness about the importance of maintaining a healthy ecosystem and human well-being.

World Soil Day: History

International compliance was recommended by the International Union of Soil Sciences (IUSS) in 2002 to make people aware of the deteriorating condition of the soil, its effects and its prevention. The Food and Agriculture Organization endorsed the day as a global awareness-raising platform under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and in the framework of the Global Land Partnership.

In June 2013, the FAO Conference called for the adoption of World Soil Day at the 68th UN General Assembly. The Assembly last designated December 5, 2014 as the first official World Soil Day.

World Soil Day 2021: Significance

Soil degradation processes are usually caused by salinity and sodification of the soil. It is a threat to the ecosystem and is recognized as one of the most important issues globally for agricultural production, food security and sustainability. The purpose of this day is to spread awareness about the need for a healthy ecosystem.

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