What are Mouth Ulcers: Types and Remedies

Last update: August 02, 2022, 14:40 IST

Ulcers on the gums or inside the mouth are known as canker sores, often known as mouth ulcers.

Although harmless, mouth ulcers can be extremely painful and uncomfortable when speaking or eating. The size and symptoms of mouth ulcers can vary depending on the type of person. Read on to know more

Canker sores, commonly known as mouth ulcers, are lesions that appear on the gums or inside the mouth. They usually appear yellowish or reddish in color and are usually caused by injuries, allergies, or bacterial infections, among other things. Although harmless, they can be very painful and cause discomfort when speaking or eating. Depending on the type of mouth ulcer a person has, their size and symptoms may vary.

While the causes of mouth ulcers are still unknown, listed below are some factors that can trigger them:

  • According to a study by the National Library of Medicine, people who quit smoking are most likely to develop mouth ulcers.
  • Insufficient sleep.
  • emotional stress.
  • Inadequate intake of essential vitamins.
  • Hormonal changes during menstruation, puberty or pregnancy.
    Spicy foods and acidic fruits.

Now, let’s read about the types of ulcers:

  • Small ulcers: These ulcers are small in size and can range from 2mm to 8mm. They are not very painful. Additionally, they may take about two weeks to get better.
  • Herpetiform Ulceration (HU): These ulcers mostly affect adults, they are very small in size, but they appear in clusters (10 to 100). Herpetiform ulcers tend to recur, and may take about one to two weeks to heal.
  • Main Ulcer: They are comparatively large and deep compared to other types of ulcers. Also, large ulcers can take about six weeks to heal and can lead to long-term scarring.

Here’s how you can treat mouth ulcers using home remedies:

  • Salt water rinse: The remedy for any type of mouth sores is to rinse your mouth. It dries up mouth sores which speeds up the healing process of nasal sores.
  • Baking soda rinse: It works wonders when it comes to curing mouth ulcers as it is supposed to reduce inflammation.
  • Honey: Honey is effective in reducing the discomfort, size and redness of canker sores. Additionally, according to Healthline, it can also prevent secondary infections because of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

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