The gums are called the roots of our teeth which hold them firmly. They support teeth and also determine overall oral hygiene. However, with age and other habits, the health of the gums deteriorates and our gums bleed, swell and ache. This is a sign that our gums are not healthy. Let’s take a look at the symptoms, causes of gum damage and how to prevent it using some simple tips.
Symptoms of gum damage
When the gums begin to damage, they can lead to plaque, bleeding gums, increased sensitivity, gingivitis, and periodontitis. There are some common signs that will alert you that your gums are not healthy.
- Prone to bleeding
- Acute pain
- Bad taste
- The smell of breath
- Gap between teeth and gums
Causes of gum damage
There are many causes of gum damage, some related to poor oral hygiene and others related to lifestyle.
- Aggressive brushing
- Genetic disorder
- Inadequate dental care
- Bacterial infections
Ways to prevent gum damage
After you brush, use floss at least once a day to remove food and plaque that are out of reach of your toothbrush.
Visit your dentist regularly
It is very important that you brush your teeth at least twice a year to maintain healthy gums. Brushing your teeth helps to remove any infection before it infects all parts of your gums or the plague.
Quit smoking, alcohol and tobacco
These unhealthy habits can damage your gum health and lead to endless gum problems. Therefore, you should limit or quit smoking and alcohol.
Brush at least twice a day
You may have heard millions of times that teeth should be brushed at least twice a day. Use a soft bristle toothbrush to brush your teeth after every meal and after waking up in the morning. This helps to remove bacteria and food between the teeth. Also scrub your tongue, as it can harbor bacteria.
Use fluoride based toothpaste
Fluoride prevents tooth decay and is one of the most important ingredients in your toothpaste. You should check the list of ingredients for fluoride before buying any toothpaste.