Last update: August 11, 2022, 07:25 IST
Raksha Bandhan 2022: Every festival in India has its own cultural history and significance. A single festival can be celebrated across the country with different customs associated with it. Rakshabandhan is no exception. The significance of the festival is primarily to strengthen and celebrate the bond between brothers and sisters. In most parts of the country, a sister marks the festival by tying a rakhi on her brother’s wrist. However, other parts of the country have different shades of the festival.
Parts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra
Raksha Bandhan is not commonly celebrated in many parts of South India. Rakhi Purnima is marked as Avani Avittam in parts of South India. This festival is for the male members of the family. People celebrate the festival by taking a dip in water on the full moon night in Sawan month. While performing this ritual, they seek atonement for all their past sins. After the ritual a sacred thread or janoi is tied all over the body.
New Janoi replaces old Janoi. While tying a new thread, they promise to do good deeds in the coming year. Scholars begin reading the Yajurveda on this day, which continues for the next 6 months. In Tamil Nadu, the fourth day of the Pongal festival is known as Kanum or Kanu Pongal. On this day, women perform a ritual called Kanu PD, named after their brothers.
There are many regions that also mark other festivals on Rakshabandhan Day:
- In Karnataka people tie Rakhi on Nag Panchami.
- In Telugu speaking states (especially Telangana), Rakhi is marked as Rakhi Purnima. In many families, they have a tradition of asking daughters to tie a rakhi to their father.
- Rakshabandhan is celebrated as Narli Purnima in Maharashtra and other coastal areas. On this day the sea is worshiped and fishermen throw coconuts into the sea as prasad.
- Madhya Pradesh and Bihar mark the beginning of the agricultural season and celebrate Kajari Purnima.
- West Bengal marks Jhulan Poornima, which is dedicated to Lord Krishna and Radha.
Uttarakhand celebrates Jandhyam Purnima.
- In Odisha, cows and buffaloes are worshiped on this day known as Gamah Poornima.
- In parts of Gujarat, Pavitropan is marked, worshiping Lord Shiva.